Music has an architectural structure. Nothing in it is arbitrary; the composer wanted that particular melody sounded in a particular moment, surrounded by other parts.
The different parts of a composition are named with the capital letters of the alphabet and within a square.
Memory is important to appreciate Music because Music takes time to exist and we must remember what we hear. Do you remember that we need attention, time and memory to listen to Music? (Unit one)
A musical form is generated with various elements, especially with a chord progression and a melody.
The Musical structure starts with harmony and melody. Form will appear in that game of composition and development.
After a Main Part a composer has three options: repeat it, vary it or contrasting it with another part. Very similar to the options he or she has after the first note: repeat it, write a note of higher pitch or write a note of lower pitch.
A Rondo is a Musical piece alternating episodes contrasted with a recognizable melody. Based on the repeated part, varied or contrasted parts are written in a shuffled way.
Musical structures can be generated from a single melody line. Although a chord is usually represented as a block of sound or as the notes played at the same time, Polyphony can also be achieved in other ways.
A Canon is a melody that is repeated without change, but has different entrances, creating Polyphony by accumulation.
Next year we will study some of the major forms like Fugue, Sonata, Lied, Scherzo and Variations, but as you can see the structure of a musical work can be very rich and varied.
Some of these forms are so closely associated with the Music and the Musical Period in which they arise that they are almost inseparable from each other. For that reason we will study them in relation to the History of Music.
Take a good Summer Break until we meet again next academic year. Relax and enjoy Music as much as you can. See you next year!
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