Unit 03 (3ESO) ANCIENT MUSIC

ANCIENT MUSIC

UNIT 3 DAY 1 - Prehistoric Music.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 3 Day 1 - Ninth Lecture of 3ESO)

How old is Music?
    Surely Music is earlier, but the first proof of a musical instrument (a bone flute) dates back 35,000 years ago.

What comes first, painting or Music?
    the cave painting art and musical art arose almost at once. 


The documented history of Music dates back to 35,000 years ago. A bone flute found in Germany confirms this. 5,000 years ago, it is hard to find samples of art of any kind. An hypothesis seems to be confirmed; the cave painting art and musical art arose almost at once.


The first evidence of Music are related to archaeological finds. When archaeologists joined the remains of a vulture bone, they could see that they had assembled a flute, built 35,000 years ago. 


In the Age of Metals (Copper, Iron and Bronze), the instruments were becoming more sophisticated, finding idiophones and metalophones beautifully crafted.

Bronce Age Music from Ireland

In this video we hear how the instruments sounded the Bronze Age in Ireland.
They are reproductions of aerophones found in archaeological sites or recreations from paintings.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 35 (Day 1)
Groups of trills of five notes in descending order


C - B - C - D - C/ B - A - B - C - B / A - G - A - B - A / G - F - G - A - G / F - E - F - G - F / E - D - E - F - E / D - C - D - E - D




Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 3 DAY 2 - Mesopotamic and Ancient Egypt Music.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 2 Day 2 - Sixth Lecture of 3ESO)

Music from Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt.
    They were part of magical ceremonies.


It is commonly assumed that the first songs were created for magical ceremonies and much later accompanied to religion, as was the case in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. It also was the core of the theater, this time in Greece.
Terra-cotta relief depicting a harp player.
Babylonian civilization, Second millennium BC
Louvre Museum, Paris

Babylonian Harp

Mesopotamian Musicians

Ancient Egypt Musicians

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 35 (Day 2)
Groups of trills of five notes in descending order


C - B - C - D - C/ B - A - B - C - B / A - G - A - B - A / G - F - G - A - G / F - E - F - G - F / E - D - E - F - E / D - C - D - E - D


Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 3 DAY 3 - Ancient Greek Music.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 3 Day 3 - Eleventh Lecture of 3ESO)

Music in Classical Greece.
    It was a property of the gods and a gift of the Muses. With the Pythagoreans the music is number and with the Socratic philosophers it has a moral and social function.

The Apollonian and Dionysian.
    Apollo (the reason) and Dionysus (the instincts) are gods who were represented by the harp and flute respectively.


 Greek tragedy.
    It was a popular theater in which the recitation of the text had a musical character.

Music in Classical Greece was a property of the gods and a gift of the Muses. With the Pythagoreans the music is number and with the Socratic philosophers, it has a moral and social function. It also was the core of the theater.

The concept of the Apollonian and Dionysian it is also very important to understand the way ancient Greeks perceive Music. Apollo (the reason) and Dionysus (the instincts) are gods who were represented by the harp and flute respectively. 

The Greeks created a system of notation that was based on his texts. They designed signs taken from their alphabet to write the notes and their durations. 

The Greek Tragedy was a popular theater in which the recitation of the text was musical.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 36 (Day 1)
Ascending thirds. 


C - E / D - F / E - G / F - A / G - B / A - C / B - D



Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 3 DAY 4 - Music in Rome.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 3 Day 4 - Twelfth Lecture of 3ESO)

Music in Rome.
    Influenced by the Etruscans, with wind instruments as protagonists. Music moves from the decorative or theatrical use (pantomime) to be a central element of Paleochristina worship.



Rome Music was influenced by the Etruscans, with wind instruments as protagonists. The music moves from the decorative or theatrical use (pantomime) to be a central element of worship in the Paleocristian Cult.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 36 (Day 2)
Ascending thirds. 


C - E / D - F / E - G / F - A / G - B / A - C / B - D


Recorder 2ESO





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          This unit we have learnt...
(Unit 1)


    Music is...