Unit 04 (3ESO) Broadcast and Performance


UNIT 4 DAY 1 - Radio and Music.


Questionnaire (Unit 4 Day 1 - Thirteenth Lecture of 3ESO)

Music and Radio.
    Radio started broadcasting Music from the beginning since audio is its essential element. The broadcast of tracks popularize different kind of Musics that would not been broadly known.

 Radio Format.
    It is a kind of FM stations with specialized themes (Sports, Music, News), which became very popular from the Fifties of the Twentieth Century. 

Radio used Music to broadcast from the very first moment since audio its essential element. The broadcast of tracks popularize Music styles that had not been known. 

Radio Format is a term that refers to a type of FM stations with specialized themes (sports, Music, news) and became very popular from the fifties of the twentieth century.

How To Make a Radio Talk Show


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 37 (Day 1)
Thirds in descending order

C - A / B - G / A - F / G - E / F - D / E - C / D - B

Recorder 2ESO

UNIT 4 DAY 2 - Television and Music.


Questionnaire (Unit 4 Day 2 - Fourteenth Lecture of 3ESO)

 The Music Video.
    A short video or film that the Music Industry produce to promote a song. Its counterpart is the audio Single.

 Opening TV Themes.
    Opening sequence consisting of a clip of Music and images used to identify a program from others.

Variety shows used Music as entertainment and were there at the origin of Rock in the early years. But it was the imitation of the Radio Format that led to the most popular television formats for music: the Music Video. 

MTV began broadcasting in 1981 and its programming consists exclusively of everything related to the world of music, from music to news produced by the industry and mainly of Music or Song Videos. 

One of the pioneers of Music Videos was Michael Jackson and his 'Thriller' is among the most popular ever.

Music Videos of All Time

Television programs often start with Music; with a recognizable tune called 'opening'. They are automatically associated with the series or TV program.

Cover of an old album with different Openings.

TV Show Title Sequence Intros


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 37 (Day 2)
Thirds in descending order

C - A / B - G / A - F / G - E / F - D / E - C / D - B

Recorder 2ESO

UNIT 4 DAY 3 - Cinema and Music.


Questionnaire (Unit 4 Day 3 - Fifteenth Lecture of 3ESO)

Original Soundtrack of a film.
    Create the emotional ambient that supports images. They should be subtle and based on what is happening and said by the actors. When it changes from ambient music to narrative music, it occupies the place of dialogue or even the entire message.

 Soundtrack Recordings..
    It is a commercial product (merchandising), extracted from the film with the Music. It can be a CD containing edited Music and the instrumental parts of the songs or the Music itself and without dialogue or sound effects.

The first screening of the Lumiere brothers' movie (December 25, 1895) had a pianist playing along the moving images. In screening rooms with increased capacity (theaters actually) they even had organs as Wurlitzer imitating the sounds of an orchestra and those of special sound effects. The performers usually played and improvise over well-known melodies until the film gained enough entity to allow renowned composers to write the first film scores. 


Star Wars Symphonic Suite--Jelani Eddington at the Sanfilippo Wurlitzer

Soundtracks (OST for short) began with the first pianists who accompanied the films in cinemas and the first composers who wrote specifically for a particular film (mainly for German directors Lang and Murnau). 

Alexander Nevsky - "The Battle of the Ice" by Prokofiev

Metropolis - Dance Scene

The arrival of talking pictures had a peculiar effect, as the focus was on the dialogue and sound effects, Music was relegated to the background. But in the forties and this happens until now, Music occupies a special place in the history of cinema.

Top 10 Movies Based on Musicals

Iconic Instrumental Film Scores

Movie Theme Songs


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 38 (Day 1)
Ascending Fourths. 

C - F / D - G / E - A / F - B / G - C / A - D / B - E

Recorder 2ESO

UNIT 4 DAY 4 - Music and Theatre.


Questionnaire (Unit 4 Day 4 - Sixteenth Lecture of 3ESO)

Incidental Music.
    Music that is used to create an emotional ambient to accompany a play or a performance of silent film. It should always be in the background of the narrative.

  Diegetic Music.
    Music in the scene that the actors can actually hear. It may be what they hear on a radio, an orchestra if in a concert hall or singing actors in a musical.

If the action of a theatrical performance presents Music, there are several possibilities when it comes to its classification.

Some Scenic Music uses singing and Music as its only element, like Opera. There could be part of the text that is read aloud along the singing and Music, like in Musicals, Operetta and Zarzuela. Sometimes there is only Music, like in Ballet and Pantomime. And another option is a variety program, like Vaudeville and Music Hall.


Songs From Theatre Musicals

Opera: Der Rheingold by Wagner

Opera Songs

Zarzuela: Barberillo de Lavapies by Barbieri

Antología de la Zarzuela


Moulin Rouge

But there is one Music that accompany spoken dramas and comedies: Incidental Music. 

Incidental Music for A Midsummer Night's Dream

Incidental Music For the MGM Tom & Jerry Cartoons

And this one, I couldn't resist it. Although it is from a Cartoon (meaning Movie or TV) it is a lovely example of Incidental Music.


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 38 (Day 2)
Ascending Fourths. 

C - F / D - G / E - A / F - B / G - C / A - D / B - E

Recorder 2ESO



          This unit we have learnt...
(Unit 1)

    Music is...