Unit 05 (3ESO) Medieval Music

MEDIEVAL MUSIC

UNIT 5 DAY 1 - Medieval Monody.


   

Questionnaire (Unit 5 Day 1 - Seventeenth Lecture of 3ESO)

Medieval Monody.
    Plain Chant and Minstrel music.

 Moorish Chant and the Jarchas.
    It is Mozarabic chant singing practiced by Christians living in Al-Andalus and the Jarchas are the music of Moorish minstrels. 


Medieval Music is characterized by moving from monody to polyphony. 



Although this music is usually associated only with the Gregorian chant and the music of minstrels, there are many types of medieval music. 



The medieval monody is represented by the Gregorian chant, a version of the Plainsong and the music of minstrels. 

Caritas pater est (Plainchant by Chant Group Psallentes)


Medieval music Les Compagnons du Gras Jambon ."Debka"


In Spain, there is the Galaico Portugese Lyric, the Sephardi music (from the Spanish Jews) and the Moorish singing and jarchas were the Mozarabic chant practiced by Christians living in Al-Andalus and the Jarchas, the music of the Moorish minstrels.

Cantiga 156 - Alfonso X El Sabio - Musica Ficta - Ensemble Fontegara



Garid Vos - Aurora Moreno Esteban Valdivieso


Luc Arbogast - Sephardi Music



   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 39 (Day 1)
Fourths in descending order


C - G / B - F / A - E / G - D / F - C / E - B / D - A



Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 5 DAY 2 - Medieval Polyphony.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 5 Day 2 - Eighteenth Lecture of 3ESO)

 Notre Dame School.
    They create polyphonic medieval music with Organum and Discantus.

 Features of Ars Antiqua and Ars Nova.
    Ars Antiqua is characterized by the creation of the Motet and the Ars Nova for the perfection of all medieval polyphonic music that carries the musical revival.

With the emergence of the first musical writing, it becomes possible to produce polyphony and the first one was practiced by members of the school of Notre Dame in Paris in the Twelfth and Thirteenth centuries. 

Léonin

Pérotin

They create polyphonic medieval music with Organum and Discantus. 

Leonin - Pascha Nostrum (Organum Duplum)

Pérotin - Sederunt Principes (Discantus)


This school is continued by the Ars Antiqua and a century later, in the fourteenth by the Ars Nova.  

Petrus de Cruce?

Petrus de Cruce - Amours Qui


The Ars Antiqua is characterized by the creation of the Ars Nova Motet and the perfection of all medieval polyphonic music that carries the musical revival.
Philippe de Vitry

Philippe de Vitry - Hugo Princeps Invidie (Motet)


Guillaume de Machaut

Guillaume de Machaut - Quant en moy


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 39 (Day 2)
Fourths in descending order


C - G / B - F / A - E / G - D / F - C / E - B / D - A


Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 5 DAY 3 - Gregorian Chant.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 5 Day 3 - Nineteenth Lecture of 3ESO)

Gregorian Chant characteristics.
    Monophonic music with Latin religious lyrics. The rhythm is prosodic and was composed in two styles: syllabic (each syllable corresponds to a note) or melismatic (each syllable corresponds to one or more notes)

 Rhythm of the Plaing Chant.
    Text creates a prosodic rhythm that follows the music.
    

Gregorian chant is the most important musical creation of the Middle Ages. It was the music that was compiled to create an official canon of works that could be used in religious celebrations. They were commonly parts of the Mass, psalms and hymns. 

Pope Gregory I dictating the Gregorian Chant

It was monophonic music with religious text in Latin. His rhythm is prosodic and was composed in two styles: syllabic (each syllable corresponds to a note) or melismatic (each syllable corresponds to one or more notes). 

St. Domingo de Silos Cloister

Benedictine Monks of St. Domingo de Silos - Puer Natus Est Nobis (Christmas Day, Introit)


The text created a prosodic rhythm that was followed by the music.

Prosody. There are two interesting lectures in YouTube about the use of 
Prosody in modern Songwriting and as a help for Autism integration.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 40 (Day 1)
Ascending Fifths. 


C - G / D - A / E - B / F - C / G - D / A - E / B - F


Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 5 DAY 4 - Musical aesthetics in the Middle Ages.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 5 Day 4 - Twentieth Lecture of 3ESO)

Examples of analogies used in Plainsong.
    If the word is important, and the melody is 
lengthened and highlighted with many notes. If we talk about ascension into heaven, the melody leads to the highest notes.

  Gregorian Chant choir.
    This music is antiphonal, with the choir divided into two or by contrasting a soloist with the choir, playing a game of questions and answers also called responsory.


Plainsong employs many effects to underscore the message of the text. As a vocal music, it took advantage of the possibilities of the choir, even being only a monophonic music. 

If the word is important, the melody is lengthened and highlighted with many notes. If we talk about ascension into heaven, for example, the melody leads to the highest possible notes. 

The idea of melodic lines going to the high notes everytime there is
an important spiritual word (in orange) and the lengthened (more notes per syllable)
in important words (in red).

This music is antiphonal, with the choir divided into two or by contrasting soloist with the choir, playing a game of questions and answers also called responsory.

TAKE A CHANTS !!! Gregorian Chant for beginners

Chant Technique


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 40 (Day 2)
Ascending Fifths. 


C - G / D - A / E - B / F - C / G - D / A - E / B - F

Recorder 2ESO





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