In the Renaissance we can only find polyphonic Music as composers abandon all monodic Music.
The distinction between religious and secular music also disappears because there is no stylistic difference whatsoever.
Polyphonic Music needs to be played in small groups, whether vocal or instrumental, with soloists and polyphonic instruments.
There is almost no difference between what is written for vocal or instrumental genre. Everything can be played and also can be sung.
The musical innovations are based on imitation writing such as Canon, Madrigals and various counterpoint compositions such as variations and tientos (for instruments).
The main contributions of Renaissance Music are the transition from modality to tonality and the systematic use of counterpoint and harmony.
The musician changed its status with respect to the medieval musician. They change from a religious musician or a beggar that plays Music to the rank of an artisan.
Every noble of good education has been at some point in their life a dilettante or amateur musician.
There are also substantial differences in the education of the musician. In the Middle Ages, education centers were in a few geographic locations while in the Renaissance it could be learn anywhere.
The Main schools of Renaissance music are the Italian school, the Flemish and the Spanish.
In this period, for example, the musician studying in Flanders (Netherlands) later works for almost all European courts, so that the compositional techniques expand creating an international style and being the cause of the expansion of schools such as the Italian or the Spanish.
The musicians played the role of ambassadors of nobles and patrons, as it was an honor for the composer's patron that this musician wrote a masterpiece in a foreign court.
Major composers of the Renaissance are Palestrina, Josquin Desprez, Tomas Luis de Victoria and Antonio de Cabezon.
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