With the Media and being so easy to record Music on a portable format or hanging it on the Internet, the world population is able to know the styles of different regions of the planet.
The traditional Music of Oceania is very attractive and that's a peculiar condition, being so far away from Europe, but it is very kind and playfull with instruments in some cases simple to manufacture but very exotic to us, mostly percussion or wind.
America's Traditional Music is so vast, extensive and wide that it is impossible to analyze here and make justice to it. Let's try it dividing it geographically.
In North America there are two musical traditions; the Music of the native Indians and the Music of the descendants of settlers and slaves.
In Central America it is Caribean, Mariachis and Music of African influences.
South America has hundreds of styles, various in any country.
Celtic Music permeates much of the Northwest European Music scene.
The countries of Central Europe have a tradition that we associate with Classical Music and Folk dances, while finding peculiarities like Tyrolean singing.
Southern countries have a spectacular folklore.
Western Asia has a Music related to the three great monotheistic religions, very similar to the Mediterranean Music.
In China there is a popular music related to the court.
South Asia and Japan have many types of instruments and musical styles.
India has a Classical Music based on Ragas and Talas or scales and rhythms.
North African Arabic Music has influenced Europe Music.
Central Africa is characterized by its collective dances, songs accompanied by clapping and percussion, and rites that come to the 'trance' of those who participate in them.
Southern Africa has the Zulu Music, which has been mixed with pop in an excellent manner.
Everything ends up being related in this world where borders are blurred. Knowing the Music of different countries is a good way to approach them.
Images taken from Hanon Online, Andy's Words and Pictures, 123rf, Wikipedia (1, 2, 3, 4), imgarcade, Hackea el Aula, I love Guitar, David Kulma, Music Theory, Music Crash Courses, My Color Music, García Music, Jazz Workshop, Piano Shed, Golden Oldies, Land of the Art, Yasser Metwally, Massage Type, A 2 Lenguas, O. Bonillo, Vimeo, Spanish Arts, Medieval life and times, A. Solana, Cartoonaday, ABC, Oratorio Monástico, Biografías y vidas, colnet, Flickr, Princeton, Imprivise Jazz, Wmich, WikiHow, Live MT, Songwriting, Arpegio Music, Tudomány science, Indian Stamp Ghar, Delcampe, Malamalama,