Classicism (Classical Period Music) comprises the second half of the eighteenth century and the first two decades of the nineteenth century. It is characterized by its idealistic and positivist stance that seeks perfection of form. If art is provided, the human being that produces and by extension the society in which he lives is harmonic. This optimistic attitude leads to create a stream of free thinkers known by the name of illustration.
Classical Period Music in symmetrical musical phrase, the exhaustive key, the virtuosity of the performers and the eternal struggle between the stability of the tonic and the dominant strain is practiced.
The most advanced form of composition of classicism is the symphony and is based on a first movement called sonata form. It presents the AABA structure where part A is exposition and B development. Part A has one or two issues that are linked by bridges. The second movement is slow and has the shape of Lied ABA.
The third movement went from a minuet, a dance ternary rhythm, or divertimento scherzo. The final character used to be a return to the first movement. It could be a theme with variations, a rondo or sonata time.
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