Even when it says Music is a universal language, music is not a language the way we use the concept of 'language' and can hardly be 'universal' if every country in the World has a Music that it is produce and sounds in such different ways, has different uses and is understood in the most varied ways.
There is not even a unitary vision of 'Music' through history.
The definitions of what is Music - at least what the word 'Music' means - have evolved throughout History. The social function of Music marks the first attempts to explain it.
For the Greek philosophers it was important to society, and the artistic part was secondary. Music was a way to link people and transmit emotions not really a kind of art in itself, at least not an abstract one. But the pitagoeran disagree with that. Music is number to them.
From the Eighteenth Century, Music was considered the most important of the arts, but only if it was pleasant or excites our moods.
Fortunately Music is no longer considered like that and, as a philosopher of music named Rowell said, 'let Music mean anything from what we normally mean by that word.'
In the last Unit (Unit 11, Music of the Classical Period) we saw how the musician changed his social status from craftsman to artist. This progression was noted in the review of what we mean by 'Music'.
Philosophy and Aesthetics return their interest in the concept 'Music' as it was done in Classical Greece and giving back to Music its artistic and meaningful content.
At mid-nineteenth Century, Music has a predominant role in the world of the Arts. Authors like Schumann, Brahms, Wagner or Liszt have clear aesthetic ideas of what should be the Art of Music and at the end of the century other authors endow their compositions of mysticism and symbolism.
With the Twentieth century vanguards arrive and with them everything changes, including the plausible concepts of Music. On one hand, it adapts to modern, urban life, with its popular music and its technology. On the other, it breaks from the past or goes forward to the limit of all previous proposals.
Music made of what in another era would be noise; Music made of silence; Music that records sounds collected from our environment and transforms them into musical compositions; Music and theater as one.
There is no limit for Music beyond that what we want to give it to it.
Images taken from Hanon Online, Andy's Words and Pictures, 123rf, Wikipedia (1, 2, 3, 4), imgarcade, Hackea el Aula, I love Guitar, David Kulma, Music Theory, Music Crash Courses, My Color Music, García Music, Jazz Workshop, Piano Shed, Golden Oldies, Land of the Art, Yasser Metwally, Massage Type, A 2 Lenguas, O. Bonillo, Vimeo, Spanish Arts, Medieval life and times, A. Solana, Cartoonaday, ABC, Oratorio Monástico, Biografías y vidas, colnet, Flickr, Princeton, Imprivise Jazz, Wmich, WikiHow, Live MT, Songwriting, Arpegio Music, Tudomány science, Indian Stamp Ghar, Delcampe, Malamalama,