Unit 13 (3ESO) 19th Century Music

19th CENTURY MUSIC

UNIT 13 DAY 1 - 'Cincerella' of the arts.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 1 - Fourty-Ninth Lecture of 3ESO)

Principales corrientes musicales del Siglo XIX.
    Romanticism and nationalist music schools.

At the beginning of the 19th Century, Romanticism was the main artistic movment and Music happens to be the 'Cinderella' of the arts (meaning that Music was taken seriously almost for the first time and incorporated to the fine arts) and turned to be considered the quintessential art by philosophers and poets of that time. 

19th Century Isms (AP European History)


This is a formal revolution in which composers are separated from the structural rigidity of previous compositions and express their own ways of seeing the construction of the works.

TICE ART 1010 Nineteenth Century Art


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 55 (Day 1)
Ascending and descending Tetrads, starting in the tonic and downward in the seventh (I).


C – E – G – B / B – G – E – C / D – F – A – C / C – A – F – D E – G – B – D / D – B – G – E / F – A – C – E / E – C – A – F



Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 13 DAY 2 - New ways for old ways.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 2 - Fiftieth Lecture of 3ESO)

 Leading composers of Lieder.
    Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Wolff and Strauß.

 Zarzuela composers of the nineteenth century.
    Barbieri, Chueca, Bretón and Chapí.

Texture becomes very complex and the orchestra grows in number of performers and in the variety of instruments. 

They continue composing symphonies and piano works, but the composers start a new interest in the Lied, the song written in German and in opera with the works of Wagner and Verdi. 

Verdi and Wagner - NYTimes


VERDI vs WAGNER


In Spain we have the revitalization and reinvention of the Zarzuela.

Anthology of Spanish Zarzuela.


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 55 (Day 2)
Ascending and descending Tetrads, starting in the tonic and downward in the seventh (I).


C – E – G – B / B – G – E – C / D – F – A – C / C – A – F – D E – G – B – D / D – B – G – E / F – A – C – E / E – C – A – F


Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 13 DAY 3 - Musical Nationalism.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 3 - Fifthy-First Lecture of 3ESO)

What seek nationalist composers?
    Find in popular music of his country his own musical language.
    

Nationalist Schools (a Music movement in the 19th  Century) incorporate the popular roots to the 'language' of Music. 

Nationalism in Classical Music


They start taking traditional themes to the symphony hall and end up creating free forms with a folkloric and popular feeling to their Music, having reminiscences of folkloric themes.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 56 (Day 1)
Ascending and descending Tetrads, starting in the tonic and downward in the seventh (II).

G – B – D – F / F – D – B – G / A – C – E – G / G – E – C – A / B – D – F – A / A – F – D – B

Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 13 DAY 4 - Turn-of-the-century.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 4 - Fifty-Second Lecture of 3ESO)

What is Orientalism?
    The incorporation of exoticism in music in order to evoke the music of other countries.

 outstanding musicians of musical nationalism.
    The group of five in Russia, Spain Sarasate, Isaac Albeniz, Granados, Falla and Turina.


Not only these composers write music based on their countries, but they also try to imitate the Music of other countries, in a process called 'orientalization'. 

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov - Symphonic Suite Scheherazade

Bizet-Carmen-Toreador


The century ends with a collide between the composers that continue the tradition of German Wagnerian music those that try new paths for their Music.

Clair de Lune - Debussy

Satie: Gymnopédie, nr. 1 - Alexandre Tharaud


Some new melodies and lyrics were used in political revolts with a strong national component such as the Music of Verdi during the process of independence of Italy.

Nabucco - Va pensiero. Verdi


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 56 (Day 2)
Ascending and descending Tetrads, starting in the tonic and downward in the seventh (II).

G – B – D – F / F – D – B – G / A – C – E – G / G – E – C – A / B – D – F – A / A – F – D – B

Recorder 2ESO





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