Unit 15 (3ESO) 20th Century Music

20th CENTURY MUSIC

UNIT 15 DAY 1 - A Century like no other.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 15 Day 1 - Fifty-Seventh Lecture of 3ESO)

 Musical movements of the Twentieth century.
    Neoclassicism, the twelve-tone serial, integral serialism, aleatory music, minimalism, Happening, concrete Music and electronic Music.

Unlike other historical periods, the Twentieth Century can not be summarized in a single musical style. 

Leaving Home - Orchestral Music in the 20th Century


The precursors of this change in musical creation are the Impressionists and Symbolists, the new nationalism, expressionism and the historical vanguards. 

Two currents emerged in the first half of the century: neoclassicism and twelve-tone serial. Shortly thereafter, in the fifties, the integral serialism creates series for heights, dynamics, rhythms and timbres. This complex music is confronted in the sixties for the aleatoric music, minimalism and Happening.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 59 (Day 1)
Descending Fifths, ascending in Seconds (I). 


C – F – G – F – A – G – B – A / B – E – F – E – G – F – A – G / A – D – E – D – F – E – G – F / G – C – D – C – E – D – F - E



Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 15 DAY 2 - Twelve-Tone Serial Music.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 15 Day 2 - Fifty-Eighth Lecture of 3ESO)

 The Serie.
    A certain combination of twelve notes or less normally without repeating any.

 Name the four combinations.
    Row, inversion, retrograde and retrograde inversion.

Schoenberg was the creator of the Twelve-tone Serial Music. Pitch were no longer the main problem turning the composer's attention to new richest in terms of timbres and dynamic compositions.

Twelve Tone Composition


Twelve Tones Vi Hart


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 59 (Day 2)
Descending Fifths, ascending in Seconds (I). 


C – F – G – F – A – G – B – A / B – E – F – E – G – F – A – G / A – D – E – D – F – E – G – F / G – C – D – C – E – D – F - E


Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 15 DAY 3 - Concrete and Electronic Music.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 15 Day 3 - Fifty-Ninth Lecture of 3ESO)

Types of electronic music.
    Concrete music, electronic music (only uses electronic sounds), electroacoustic (electronic mixed with acoustic instruments) and live electronics (if these instruments are modified by electrical means).
    

Not everything that is made in the twentieth century music for traditional instruments. The appearance of the tape makes some composers work with the cropping and gluing ribbons, giving rise to Concrete Music. 

Musique Concrete


Other instruments that did not exist in the previous century become worked by composers of electronic music and so arises.

Discovering Electronic Music (1983)


   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 60 (Day 1)
Descending Fifths, ascending in Seconds (II). 


F – B – C – B – D – C – E – D / E – A – B – A – C – B – D – C / D – G – A – G – B – A – C – B


Recorder 2ESO



UNIT 15 DAY 4 - From the 20th Century and beyond.

   

Questionnaire (Unit 15 Day 4 - Sixtieth Lecture of 3ESO)

What do you think Music is going to be like in the 21th Century?
    Open question for all of you.

 
It is hard to know which direction is going to take the Music of the 21st Century. 



The line between Popular Classical Music increasingly blurs

New timbres and instruments arise every day and with Internet and new technologies of image and sound is impossible to think which way is going to take Music creation. 



In addition, the way of thinking of the audiences and the artist are changing in all the arts, changing as well the rules of the game. Only an educated and innovative society would be able to find the best formulas. If the official culture and taste of young people continues to be so conservative little or nothing could be expected, but if something changes that tendency,  the more than possible manifestations of the Music of the Future will be of great quality and creativity.

   

Hanon Aloud - Exercise 60 (Day 2)
Descending Fifths, ascending in Seconds (II). 


F – B – C – B – D – C – E – D / E – A – B – A – C – B – D – C / D – G – A – G – B – A – C – B

Recorder 2ESO





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