Synchronous Melodies.

UNIT 13 DAY 1 - Monody and polyphony.


Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 1 - Forty-Ninth Lecture)

 Basic Musical texture Classification.
    Monody and Polyphony.

 Relationship of Texture and Musical ensambles.
    It is the reason why groups have various instruments with particular purposes in the general composition for which each voice is responsible of.

There are two types of textures: Monody and Polyphony. Monody is a single melody and all the musicians play the same notes. Polyphony consists of several simultaneous melodies sounding at the same time. 

Texture is at the root of the musical groups configurations, as these ensembles have various instruments with a particular function, each with a distinctive voice, an specific melody.

Music Texture (Polyphony, Biphonic, Heterophonic, Monophonic, Homophonic)


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 25 (Day 1)
Descending Tetrads with in Thirds.

C - A - F - D / B - G - E - C / A - F - D - B/ G - E - C - A / F - D - B - G / E - C - A - F/ D - B - G - E

Recorder 2ESO

UNIT 13 DAY 2 - Melody and accompaniment.


Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 2 - Fiftieth Lecture)

 Diference between melody and harmonic accompaniment.
    The melody is a succession of notes, while the harmonic accompaniment is the sound of a particular time-scape.

 Difference between polyphonic and melodic instruments.
    Polyphonic instruments are able to produce several notes at the same time while melodic instruments produce only one note at a time.

A melody is a series of notes. Harmonic accompaniment is the sound landscape of a particular time in a Musical work. 

Let make a simile to understand this better. Consider that if Music is a drawing on a sheet of paper, we can see the melody as a horizontal line of one dimension and the accompaniment would be all color in two dimensions surrounding the melodic line. The line is the Monodic melody and the colors surrounding it are the polyphonic melodies.

Wassily Kandinsky - Broken Line

A polyphonic instrument is capable of producing several notes simultaneously. A melodic instrument, however, is only capable of producing one at a time.

A recorder is a melodic (monophonic) instrument, while a guitar is a polyphonic instrument.


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 25 (Day 2)
Descending Tetrads with in Thirds.

C - A - F - D / B - G - E - C / A - F - D - B/ G - E - C - A / F - D - B - G / E - C - A - F/ D - B - G - E

Recorder 2ESO

UNIT 13 DAY 3 - Chords from the scale.


Questionnaire (Unit 13 Day 3 - Fifty-First Lecture)

 What is a Chord?
    A Chord is produced when there are several notes that create a sound-scape, normally played simultaneously, but also when they are performed consecutively, since this notes create a sense of unity.

 How many major, minor and semi-diminished chord the basic harmonic complex creates?
    Three major Chors, three minor chords and one semi-diminished.

 Where can we find the major chords? 
    In the first (Tonic), fourth (subdominant) and fifth (dominant).

A chord is a harmony where at the same time (simultaneously) we can hear notes of different pitch. In a Music sheet it is written in vertical and corresponds to the harmonic accompaniment. Similarly, the melody is written as consecutive horizontal notes. 

A chord can also be 'broken'. This is achieved when a chord, for example, consisting of five notes, is played in two parts (first four, then one). But it still have the feeling of unity. 

Using the notes of the C major scale as a starting point, we can create seven basic chords that can be shuffled to compose melodies and basic chord progressions within the major key. Pay attention to Hanon number 24.

This harmonic complex has three major chords, three minor chords and a semi-diminished chord. 

Major chords can be found in grades I, IV and V. The minor chords in grades II, III and VI. The semi-diminished chord is in grade VII.

Modal Solo (all 7 modes of C major scale)


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 26 (Day 1)
Ascending Tetrads with Suspende Fourth.

C - F - G - B / D - G - A - C / E - A - B - D / F - B - C - E / G - C - D - F / A - D - E - G / B - E - F - A

Recorder 2ESO

UNIT 13 DAY 4 - Chords of Modality in Basic Chord Progressions.


Questionnaire (Unit 11 Day 4 - Fifty-Second Lecture)

 How can we tell apart a chord with an specific modality.
    By taking into account the extended notes added to the basic Tetrad.

 Basic progressions.
    The basic progressions are varitions from the symmetric structure: I-V-V-I. For example I-IV-V-I or I-vi-IV-V-I.

The previous day, we discussed how chords come out from the basic Major scale. Therefore, chords can be constructed using any imaginable scale, including those of the modalities.

That's why we have special chords for Blues, Jazz, Flamenco, Bossa Nova and so on.

Flamenco, Jazz, Bossa Nova...

And they are usually distinguished by the extentions added to the basic Tetrad.

In the bass clef is the C major Triad and in the treble clef there are the extended notes.

Let us study some basic chord progressions. One of the easiest has only two chords: I-V-V-I (Tonic-Dominant-Dominant-Tonic). It is fair easy to see that it has a symmetric structure and it appears in a lot of compositions, from Folk Music to Classical Music.

Another common structure of chord progression is the one that uses the I-IV-V-I (Tonic-Subdominants-Dominant-Tonic) and varies it in several ways. It is almost the same as the symmetric structures we have seen but adds a little colour by using the intermediate area of Sudominant. A good example of this is the Blues Bar.

More variations: I-vi-IV-V-I (Tonic-Submediant-Subdominant-Dominant-Tonic). Again, we are adding more chords to the Symmetric version. This time, instead of the second chord (Dominant), we have Submediant plus Subdominant chords. This progressions are so common that there is this very popular video that shows how it is intensively used and abused in Popular Music (I - V - vi - IV). 

Axis of Awesome - 4 Four Chord Song (with song titles)

As you can see, there are a lot of possibilities, but we are going to finish this unit studying an intervalic progression, very common in the Baroque Era: vi-ii-V-I-IV-vii-III7-iv.

Circle of fifths (progression) [Examples]


Hanon Aloud - Exercise 26 (Day 2)
Ascending Tetrads with Suspende Fourth.

C - F - G - B / D - G - A - C / E - A - B - D / F - B - C - E / G - C - D - F / A - D - E - G / B - E - F - A

Recorder 2ESO



          This unit we have learnt...
(Unit 1)

    Music is...

Images taken from Hanon OnlineAndy's Words and Pictures, 123rf, Wikipedia (1, 2, 3), imgarcade, Hackea el Aula, O'Reilly, David Darling, David Wallace, Designinfographics, Metro, Tywi, Daily Mail, SoYouWanna, Steph Aaronson, Discard Studies, South by Sunset, Flickr, Kotaku, GagDonkey, QuieroDibujos, Rgbstock, Flute-a-becBivemEn clave de músicaIES Marqués de SantillanaImage and ArtArte Creativo TotalDiscapnetAnonadatosLudoforumInvited LifeWikipedia, SmartArt  Microsoft Office: Word 2007, blogtatuajes, forwallpaper, Earsinus,.Schollen Collection, Ancient Greek notation, Music of Yesterday, Wikipedia, Wikipedia, Smithsonian, Choirly, Wikipedia, OKNation, Medi-Music, Chmtl, All Music Sheet, White Hot, Moc, Mercado Libre,  Learning EncountersAs Seen On The InternetValdostaLien BuiCosas sencillasDavid MaestreBritishkingdom's Blog, Sala de músicaUnicentroCoro Monumental de GuadalajaraLa música es bellaMediateca de EducaMadrid, RubyCliff, Christ Hind, Wikipedia, Music Zone,Guitar Forums, Euskomedia, Sengpielaudio, Redlands College, Laura Intravia, Memorising Music, Fluttery Records, Tickets Move MagMusic Reading Savant, Learn Guitar for Free, Wiki 2, saxophone lessons,NEC, CEC, Cerl, Violin from scratch, Danza Edinba, Tirine, UTH, Greenwich Symphony, Stepher's Happening, Earth Cupcake, My Music Theory, Short and Sweet Music, Charanga, DANSR, ONU, LOC, Wind Loft, Top Rated Trumpets, Trevor Jones, Quakertown Cyberacademy, Cleveland, Musixcool, Cooper MSO, Mathematic SE, Philarmonia, Scott Brothers Duo, Potomac Academy, Devieant Art, Pulse Music, Slash's Paradise, Daily Mail, Ableton, Fremeaux, Trumpet Guild, Tommy Igoe, George Manstan, Tablao Cordobés, Zastavki, MyBioMedArt, Independent, Voer, Británnica Kids, Guardian, Flickr, Ultimate Classic Rock, Houston Symphony, Britannica, Virtual Sheet Music, Music Clear Center, imgkid, Lotus Music, Music Workshop, Kennedy Violins, Seattle String Studio, Net Places, Piano Guide, Personal Singing Guide, Quadibloc, Basic Music Theory, EveryNote, Piano play it, Paintings, Featurepics, Wikipedia, Cyberfret, Guitar Master Class, Piano Lessons Central